Programs involve the following:
• Determining the skills and evaluating the difficulties of the child
• Knowing the goals and objectives, for example, learning how to say ‘hello'
• Assessing how often a behavior takes place
• Planning and implementing a program that teaches the required behavior
• Continuous measurement of the required skill to check whether the program is effective
• Continuous enhancement of the program, and making corrective actions when needed
The way these components will be applied by the program depends on different factors such as the child's particular condition on the autism spectrum as well as the child's individual strengths and weaknesses. An ABA therapy program can be applied in various settings such as the family's home, a clinic, the child's school or a combination of settings. Our services are currently offered in the clinic setting.
Effective treatment for autism and other behavioral development issues often involves a combination of therapeutic strategies, each targeting a different set of skills that will support a child's development. Because the symptoms of ASD are so interlinked, there can be a great deal of overlap in the goals of these different therapies. But this multidisciplinary approach helps reinforce learning by encouraging a child to hone a core set of functional skills by applying them in different situations and varying contexts.
These are the broad categories that ABA seeks to take the address, and what the common developmental objectives are for each.
Most ABA Board Certified Behavioral Analysis makes use of the Lovaas Method developed at UCLA by Dr. Ivar Lovaas because of its documented effectiveness in studies. (Lovaas, 1987) The amount of hours needed for the best possible outcome for the client is determined by the clinician during the assessment process. Most clients are recommended to have between 10 and 40 hours based on their needs. Some families use standard ABA therapy 5 days a week and work with the child on the generalization of skills in the home on weekends.
This type of therapy is about engaging the child’s intrinsic motivation for learning. Intrinsic motivation uses the child’s innate interest in a subject to encourage the child to find increasingly more knowledge in that area of study. Intrinsic motivators might utilize a child’s special interest in dinosaurs to create a social story that includes dinosaurs as the protagonists. In this way, learning becomes its own reward.Behavioral ObjectivesBook an Appointment
ABA services may be used to address issues relevant to those with Autism Spectrum Disorder including, but not limited to, language acquisition, peer interactions, and social skills, following routines, self-help and daily living skills, and reducing challenging behaviors.What Is ABA?
The most effective behavioral therapies for working with individuals with autism include those which engage the child’s intrinsic motivation for learning. Intrinsic motivation uses the child’s innate interest in a subject to encourage the child to find increasingly more knowledge in that area of study. Our behavioral technicians using intrinsic motivators might utilize a child’s special interest in dinosaurs to create a social story that includes dinosaurs as the protagonists. In this way, learning becomes its own reward.
Two frequently used play therapy interventions for individuals with autism are Developmental Individual-difference Relationship (DIR)-based model and Relationship Development Integration (RDI). These therapies help the child integrate their social, emotional, and intellectual capacities, rather than just focusing on skills and isolated behaviors. Both of these therapies allow the child’s special interests to encourage their learning and engage the child in their physical environment and at their current level of emotional and cognitive development.
Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) is another therapy frequently used to treat people on the autism spectrum. ABA is a behavioral modification technique which claims to help decrease inappropriate behaviors and increase communication and appropriate social behaviors. ABA often uses punishment and confrontational techniques to attempt to eradicate unwanted behaviors. Many psychologists and other therapists who work with people with autism use ABA, so this is likely to be the therapy that is available in most schools and clinical settings.
Repetitive behaviors and body movements are among the most recognizable symptoms of autism. Other behavioral challenges that Individuals with autism often struggle with include paying attention, self-stimulatory behaviors, and expressing frustration by acting out. Individuals with autism may also have some idiosyncrasies that can make everyday life more challenging for one or both of you.
The behavioral component of therapeutic intervention for autism seeks to give Individuals with autism the tools to moderate these behaviors on their own. Limiting and controlling some of the behaviors associated with autism can help a student achieve greater stability in the classroom and at home.
Community-based ABA therapy at the Applied Behavior Clinic for Autism helps address problem areas and develop skills across community settings such as churches, grocery stores, and schools. These programs, which can be combined with or incorporated into our clinic-based therapy, ensure that the progress each child shows during therapy continues when they're out in the community.
Laugh and Learns community programs focus on maintaining appropriate behavior across a variety of settings. Below are a few examples of our programs and the skills that are practiced.
• Grocery Stores: waiting in line, using a list, social interactions, accepting "no”
• Fast Food: tolerating crowds, waiting in line, using a menu, accepting "no", appropriate table manners
• Libraries: waiting in line, adapting behavior to the environment (staying quiet)
• Volunteering: pre-vocational skills (taking out the trash, wiping tables, etc.)
Some insurances will allow for services in the school based setting. Medicaid will not allow for services in the school based setting.
School-based services are designed to provide your child with the one-to-one support they need to be successful in the school setting. Services are provided by Laugh and Learns well-trained and caring staff. All of Laugh and Learns staff receive extensive training in autism, applied behavior analysis, and ethical and professional considerations. The staff is closely supervised by a Board Certified Behavior Analyst who designs and develops the child's program.
Services start with an assessment by the Board Certified Behavior Analyst to determine your child's strengths and abilities and any challenging behavior he or she may exhibit. The treatment plan is then individually designed from this assessment, including intensity, based on each child's needs. Each Board Certified Behavior Analyst has extensive experience in designing and overseeing a child's behavior program.,
The team meets on a regular basis to assess progress through demonstration and data review and to ensure treatment fidelity. In addition to attending meetings the Board Certified Behavior Analyst conducts regular visits to supervise staff, check on progress and update the program. Parents and caregivers and educational staff are kept up-to-date on progress and involved in treatment plan decisions as part of Laugh and Learns School-Based services.
• One-to-one services provided in the school setting
• Closely supervised and well-trained team of staff
• Individualized programming starting with a thorough assessment
• Regular meetings to assess progress and ensure treatment fidelity
• Regular visits to treatment setting by Board Certified Behavior Analyst
• Parent and Caregiver and education staff involvement and participation
At Laugh and Learn, each client's book of programs is created from their goals and to meet their unique learning style. An assessment is given to every client and, in cooperation with parents, goals and objectives are designed to meet his or her individual needs. We serve individuals from 2 to 21.
1. Clinic-Based Therapy
2. Individuals with Autism from ages 2-21
4. Behavior Plans
5. Parent Training
6. School Consulting
We will provide services specifically designed to help you (and/or your minor child), or otherwise provide you with referrals to other professionals. Our clinical and behavioral services consist primarily of individual assessments (behavioral evaluations), training, in-home, and in-school consultation and observations, long-term service provision to individuals on the autism spectrum, and short-term consultations with individuals, parents, educators, and other related professions.